How to Grow Annuals and Perennials

With the springtime rolling around, the time to plant new flowers is upon us. Both commercial and residential properties require the addition of flowers to add much-needed color. Generally speaking, the two most common plant types are annuals and perennials. Each grows very differently, and across different seasons. Both provide color at different times of the year and are best utilized in conjunction with one another. Annual flowers are those plants that bloom only during one season and need to be replanted each year. Perennials are the opposite, living for much longer, able to be permanently planted in your garden. Oftentimes these perennials are evergreen, providing year-round color. Necessary additions to any property, here is what you need to know about how to grow annual and perennial plants.

Differences Between Annual and Perennial Plants

As we mentioned before, growing annual and perennial plants are different experiences, as both possess varying qualities. Annuals are able to be grown in all climates, as each area will have local varieties accustomed to each season. Additionally, there will be varieties of annuals that bloom in each season, in each climate. Annuals are broken down into these two types, both warm season and cool season. Conversely, perennials are able to maintain their structure all year round and begin new growth every spring. Dying during the cold of the winter, they are revitalized with the warmer weather. As you can see, annual flowers require replacement and rotation, whereas perennial flowers are much lower maintenance. Ideally, you will have a combination of both within your property, in order to keep balance.

Annuals: General Care and Growth

The greatest benefit of annual flowers is the diversity and options you have in terms of selection. With that, there also comes a great variety in the specifics of growing each type, but there are some general rules to follow. Annuals prefer soil to be well-drained and combined with compost or other organic additives. Some annuals are meant to be grown in full sun, partial shade, or shade, so it is important to note when choosing an installation location. Hardiness is also important in terms of exposure to the elements. Fertilization at the time of planting does well to give the plant a boost of growth. As these plants only form a shallow root system during their short life, they will need to be routinely watered. Most typically used as bedding plants, aim to add annuals on a rotating basis to areas of your property where you want to add striking color.

Perennials: General Care and Growth

Unlike their annual counterparts, perennials are going to last much longer, and require less maintenance. That means selection is important, as is ensuring that the qualities of the plant match the nature of your landscape. Soil quality, soil type, and shade versus sun are all important to consider before you even plant. Additionally, ensure the perennial you select is hardy in relation to your USDA planting zone. In terms of soil quality, well-drained soil is also your best bet. When planting perennials, plant the tallest in the back and move forward from there. Additionally, know the spread of the plant and give ample space for growth to maturity. One fertilization treatment in the spring should be more than adequate, and although watering is required it can be more infrequent. Mulch is great for perennial growth, stamping out weeds. Additionally, as your perennials grow into one another over time, they will need to be divided. Perennials are known for being dependable and low maintenance, so take advantage of that and plant them on your property.

Leave it to the Professionals

If you want to ensure healthy long term growth of your annuals and perennials, let the professionals at Taylor Anthony manage your landscape, and you can ensure that our team of experienced technicians will treat your property like their own.

Commercial or Residential, Taylor Anthony is prepared to help you manage your landscape by providing the right solution for your situation, call us today at (904) 230-3386.